Covid vaccine tracker: when will a coronavirus vaccine be ready? | World news

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Pre-clinical

vaccines not yet in human trials

166

Phase 1

vaccines in small-scale safety trials

39

Phase 2

vaccines in expanded safety trials

23

Phase 3

vaccines in large-scale efficacy trials

15

Approved

vaccines approved for general use

1

Source: WHO. Last updated 18 Dec

Note: This page is no longer being updated. Graphics and text reflect the state of progress on 18 December.

Researchers around the world are racing to develop a vaccine against Covid-19, with more than 170 candidate vaccines now tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Vaccines normally require years of testing and additional time to produce at scale, but scientists are hoping to develop a coronavirus vaccine within 12 to 18 months.

Vaccines mimic the virus – or part of the virus – they protect against, stimulating the immune system to develop antibodies. They must follow higher safety standards than other drugs because they are given to millions of healthy people.

Vaccines in clinical trials

Phase in progress

Phase completed

Pfizer/BioNTech/Fosun Pharma

Bharat Biotech International Limited*

Sinovac Research and Development Co., Ltd

Gamaleya Research Institute, Health Ministry of the Russian Federation

CanSino Biological Inc./Beijing Institute of Biotechnology

Sinopharm + Wuhan Institute of Biological Products

Moderna + National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Sinopharm + Beijing Institute of Biological Products

Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biopharmaceutical + Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

AstraZeneca + University of Oxford

Inovio Pharmaceuticals + International Vaccine Institute

Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control

West China Hospital + Sichuan University

Shenzhen Kangtai Biological Products Co., Ltd.

Kentucky Bioprocessing Inc.

Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute *

Merck & Co. + Themis + Sharp & Dohme + Institute Pasteur + Univeristy of Pittsburgh*

AnGes + Takara Bio + Osaka University

Serum Institute of India + Accelagen Pty

Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) *

Institute of Medical Biology + Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences

Federal Budgetary Research Institution State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology “Vector”

Instituto Finlay de Vacunas *

Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems, Rep of Kazakhstan

Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) *

Aivita Biomedical, Inc. *

Vaxine Pty Ltd. + Medytox

Providence Health & Services

COVAXX + United Biomedical Inc

Chulalongkorn University*

Medigen Vaccine Biologics + Dynavax + National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital + Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

” Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute *”

City of Hope Medical Center + National Cancer Institute

Barbara Carlson, University of Oklahoma *

Israel Institute for Biological Research

Entos Pharmaceuticals Inc. *

ReiThera + Leukocare + Univercells

Codagenix/Serum Institute of India

University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians)

University Hospital Tuebingen

Clover Biopharmaceuticals Inc./GSK/Dynavax

CSL Ltd. + Seqirus + University of Queensland

University of Melbourne/Murdoch Children’s Research Institute

Source: WHO. Last updated 18 Dec

How are vaccines tested?

In the pre-clinical stage of testing, researchers give the vaccine to animals to see if it triggers an immune response.

In phase 1 of clinical testing, the vaccine is given to a small group of people to determine whether it is safe and to learn more about the immune response it provokes.

In phase 2, the vaccine is given to hundreds of people so scientists can learn more about its safety and correct dosage.

In phase 3, the vaccine is given to thousands of people to confirm its safety – including rare side effects – and effectiveness. These trials involve a control group which is given a placebo.

Hafta Ichi
Source: The Guardian
Keyword: Covid vaccine tracker: when will a coronavirus vaccine be ready? | World news

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